Как получить данные диска S.M.A.R.T из консоли

По данным wikipedia технология S.M.A.R.T. (от англ. self-monitoring, analysis and reporting technology — технология самоконтроля, анализа и отчётности) — технология оценки состояния жёсткого диска встроенной аппаратурой самодиагностики, а также механизм предсказания времени выхода его из строя.

Получить данные S.M.A.R.T. из консоли и оценить состояние жесткого диска может утилита smartmontools

Установка утилиты

sudo yum install smartmontools

Вывести данные о дисках системы

sudo fdisk -l

Получить данные диска S.M.A.R.T. можно командой

sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda

 

а если в системе BIOS данные S.M.A.R.T. отключены, используйте опцию -s аргументом on

sudo smartctl -s on -a /dev/sda

smartctl 7.0 2018-12-30 r4883 [x86_64-linux-3.10.0-1160.11.1.el7.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-18, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Seagate Barracuda 7200.7 and 7200.7 Plus
Device Model:     ST340014A
Serial Number:    5JXKYQ5V
Firmware Version: 8.16
User Capacity:    40.000.000.000 bytes [40,0 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 2
Local Time is:    Thu Feb 03 02:12:21 2020 EET
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF ENABLE/DISABLE COMMANDS SECTION ===
SMART Enabled.

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x82)	Offline data collection activity
					was completed without error.
					Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0)	The previous self-test routine completed
					without error or no self-test has ever 
					been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection: 		(  430) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: 			 (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
					Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
					Suspend Offline collection upon new
					command.
					Offline surface scan supported.
					Self-test supported.
					No Conveyance Self-test supported.
					Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)	Saves SMART data before entering
					power-saving mode.
					Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)	Error logging supported.
					General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time: 	 (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (  31) minutes.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 10
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   069   065   006    Pre-fail  Always       -       189577207
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   098   098   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   020    Old_age   Always       -       29
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   086   060   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       447430255
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   084   084   000    Old_age   Always       -       14157
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   020    Old_age   Always       -       347
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   043   053   000    Old_age   Always       -       43
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   069   064   000    Old_age   Always       -       189577207
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   199   000    Old_age   Always       -       1
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
202 Data_Address_Mark_Errs  0x0032   100   253   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    StatuСоствеs                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Completed without error       00%         1         -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-

Ну и собственно имеем данные диска S.M.A.R.T., которые можно проанализировать.